On June 1, 2016, Connecticut Governor Dannel P. Malloy signed into law a “ban-the-box” statute, which will take effect on January 1, 2017. The law, “An Act Concerning Fair Chance Employment,” Public Act No. 16-83, prohibits covered employers from inquiring about a prospective employee’s prior arrests, criminal charges, or convictions on an initial employment application.


Connecticut’s ban-the-box law defines a “covered employer” as “any person engaged in business who has one or more employees.” Because “employer” is broadly defined, this law arguably applies when businesses have applicants who either reside in Connecticut or are applying for positions in Connecticut.

Scope of the Law

Although the state’s ban-the-box law generally prohibits employers from inquiring into applicants’ prior arrests, criminal charges, or convictions on initial employment applications, there are exceptions to this restriction. An employer may inquire about an applicant’s prior arrests, criminal charges, or convictions on an employment application form only if:

  • the employer is required to do so by an applicable state or federal law; or
  • a security or fidelity bond or an equivalent bond is required for the position.

In light of this broad prohibition, employers may want to review their application materials to ensure that they are compliant with the new law and remove any impermissible criminal history questions from their initial employment applications by January 1, 2017.

Under the law, employers may still inquire into applicants’ criminal histories, but such background inquiries must occur after an employment application has been completed, e.g., during an interview.

The law further establishes a “fair chance employment task force” to study issues related to the hiring process, including the employment opportunities available to individuals with criminal histories.


The Connecticut Labor Commissioner will handle complaints filed by individuals alleging an employer’s violation of the state’s ban-the-box statute. The law does not provide aggrieved individuals with a private right of action against a covered employer.

Connecticut’s ban-the-box law and ban-the-box laws in other jurisdictions, including all federal and state background check requirements, are summarized in the firm’s O-D Comply: Background Checks and O-D Comply: Employment Applications subscription materials, which are updated and provided to O-D Comply subscribers as the laws change.

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Background checks are a trending topic for employers because of the tidal wave of class action lawsuits alleging technical violations of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act as well as the proliferation of state and local background check laws (including those arising from the Ban the Box movement).

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