On October 25, 2021, the Government of Ontario introduced Bill 27, the Working for Workers Act, 2021. According to Ontario’s Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development, Bill 27 would encourage employee work-life balance and promote competition within the province.
If passed, Bill 27 would amend various workplace statutes, including the Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA). Below is a summary of notable changes that would be implemented if the bill receives Royal Assent.
Prohibition on Non-Compete Agreements
Bill 27 would prohibit employers from entering into standalone non-compete agreements with employees or incorporating non-compete clauses into employment contracts. If an employer were to contravene this new prohibition, the non-compete agreement would be deemed void.
The new Part XV.1 defines “non-compete agreement” as “an agreement, or any part of an agreement, between an employer and an employee that prohibits the employee from engaging in any business, work, occupation, profession, project or other activity that is in competition with the employer’s business after the employment relationship between the employee and the employer ends.”
Therefore, if Bill 27 becomes law, non-solicitation agreements—which restrict employees from approaching an employer’s clientele, vendors, and employees, among others—and confidentiality agreements would most likely remain enforceable. Notably, the Government of Ontario has already indicated that employers would still be empowered to draft narrower clauses that protect intellectual property. However, the sweeping non-competes—which have already come under scrutiny in the Canadian court system—would officially receive the legislature’s disapproval.
Mandatory Written “Disconnecting From Work Policies”
Bill 27 also proposes new provisions in the ESA that would require employers with 25 or more employees to implement written “disconnecting from work policies.” According to the bill, “disconnecting from work” is defined as “not engaging in work-related communications, including emails, telephone calls, video calls or the sending or reviewing of other messages, so as to be free from the performance of work.” Such a policy would have to address how employees disconnect “from their job[s] at the end of the workday to help employees spend more time with their families.”
As the bill currently stands, there is no prescribed information that must be included in a policy on disconnecting from work. However, during its Bill 27 press conference, the Government of Ontario provided examples of what could be included in a possible “disconnecting from work policy,” such as language encouraging employees to turn on out-of-office messages when employees are not working, or outlining expectations regarding email response time.
Licensing Requirements for Temporary Help Agencies and Recruiters
Bill 27 would also implement a licensing regime for temporary help agencies and recruiters. The changes would empower employment standards officers to issue penalties against unlicensed agencies and recruiters, as well as the businesses that utilize them. Therefore, if the bill comes into force, an employer engaging a temporary help agency or recruiter may want to check the company’s credentials to ensure that it is licensed.
Changes to Other Acts
In addition to the proposed ESA changes, Bill 27 would also amend the Occupational Health and Safety Act and the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997. These proposed changes would require businesses to provide washroom access to delivery services employees if they are picking up or dropping off items. The Government of Ontario indicated this change was in response to increased pressure on delivery drivers, couriers, truck drivers, and others who provide these services to deliver goods throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.
Finally, Bill 27 would change the way in which the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board’s Insurance Fund is allocated. These changes would allow for the Insurance Fund’s surplus to be distributed to certain employers to help them cope with COVID-19’s impacts. Certain “Schedule 1” employers could be distributed funds from the Board after it considers “such criteria as may be prescribed and such other factors as the Board considers appropriate, including an employer’s compliance with [the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act].”
The bill would also incorporate changes to other pieces of provincial legislation that aim to assist internationally trained professionals in accessing expedited Canadian licensure.
Given the high likelihood that Bill 27 will come into force, Ontario employers may want to consider taking proactive steps, including:
- reviewing employment agreement templates to determine whether they contain broad non-compete clauses and whether they include any other restrictive covenants mentioned above;
- preparing new employment agreement templates that are narrower in scope and that specifically deal with solicitation, intellectual property, and confidential information;
- canvassing engaged recruiting or temporary help agencies to monitor whether they become licensed under the new regime; and
- reviewing what is expected of employees outside normal business hours in preparation for drafting “disconnecting from work policies” and analyzing how limitations on work after business hours might impact workflows.
Ogletree Deakins’ Cross-Border Practice Group will continue to monitor and report on developments with respect to Bill 27 as it makes its way through the legislative committees and will post updates on the firm’s Cross-Border blog as additional information becomes available.
The firm will also continue to monitor and report on developments with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic and will post updates in the firm’s Coronavirus (COVID-19) Resource Center as additional information becomes available. Important information for employers is also available via the firm’s webinar and podcast programs.